【剑指Offer学习】【面试题2 : 实现Singleton 模式——七种实现方式】

【剑指Offer学习】【所有面试题汇总】

题目:设计一个类,我们只能生成该类的一个实例

public class Test02 {

    /**
     * 单例模式,饿汉式,线程安全
     */
    public static class Singleton {
        private final static Singleton INSTANCE = new Singleton();

        private Singleton() {

        }

        public static Singleton getInstance() {
            return INSTANCE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 单例模式,懒汉式,线程不安全
     */
    public static class Singleton2 {
        private static Singleton2 instance = null;

        private Singleton2() {

        }

        public static Singleton2 getInstance() {
            if (instance == null) {
                instance = new Singleton2();
            }

            return instance;
        }
    }


    /**
     * 单例模式,懒汉式,线程安全,多线程环境下效率不高
     */
    public static class Singleton3 {
        private static Singleton3 instance = null;

        private Singleton3() {

        }

        public static synchronized Singleton3 getInstance() {
            if (instance == null) {
                instance = new Singleton3();
            }

            return instance;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 单例模式,懒汉式,变种,线程安全
     */
    public static class Singleton4 {
        private static Singleton4 instance = null;

        static {
            instance = new Singleton4();
        }

        private Singleton4() {

        }

        public static Singleton4 getInstance() {
            return instance;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 单例模式,使用静态内部类,线程安全【推荐】
     */
    public static class Singleton5 {
        private final static class SingletonHolder {
            private static final Singleton5 INSTANCE = new Singleton5();
        }

        private Singleton5() {

        }

        public static Singleton5 getInstance() {
            return SingletonHolder.INSTANCE;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 静态内部类,使用枚举方式,线程安全【推荐】
     */
    public enum Singleton6 {
        INSTANCE;

        public void whateverMethod() {

        }
    }

    /**
     * 静态内部类,使用双重校验锁,线程安全【推荐】
     */
    public static class Singleton7 {
        private volatile static Singleton7 instance = null;

        private Singleton7() {

        }

        public static Singleton7 getInstance() {
            if (instance == null) {
                synchronized (Singleton7.class) {
                    if (instance == null) {
                        instance = new Singleton7();
                    }
                }
            }

            return instance;
        }
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println(Singleton.getInstance() == Singleton.getInstance());
        System.out.println(Singleton2.getInstance() == Singleton2.getInstance());
        System.out.println(Singleton3.getInstance() == Singleton3.getInstance());
        System.out.println(Singleton4.getInstance() == Singleton4.getInstance());
        System.out.println(Singleton5.getInstance() == Singleton5.getInstance());
        System.out.println(Singleton6.INSTANCE == Singleton6.INSTANCE);
        System.out.println(Singleton7.getInstance() == Singleton7.getInstance());
    }

}

运行结果:


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